...At the beginning of the last century Charles Bell posed the basic question that posturology tries to resolve :

How does a human being maintain an upright or inclined position against the force of the wind?

Clearly he possesses an ability to adjust and correct any variation from the vertical.


...The roles played by the most of the sensors contributing to maintaining an erect position were already known.

The importance of the eyes was pointed out by Romberg, para-vertebral muscle proprioception by Longet, the influence of the vestibule by Flourens, and muscular ‘sense’ by Sherrington.

The first school of posturology was founded in Berlin by Vierordt in 1890.

In more recent times, in 1955, Dr Baron, of the Posturography Laboratory of the St Anne Hospital (Paris), published a thesis on the importance of the oculomotor muscles in postural attitude.
Henry Otis Kendal defined posture as : a composite state of all the body’s articulations at a given moment.

Much more recently Professor J.Paillard introduced the concepts of ‘body situated and body identified’ and defined them as a psycho-physiological approach to the body’s schema.

We owe the first information on the postural adjustments associated with voluntary movement to Babinski (1899), who observed the posture and movement defects exhibited by cerebellar patients. Since then it has been established that in man and also the animals, intentional movement is accompanied and followed by postural phenomena.


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